Virgil, New York

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Virgil is a town in Cortland County, New York, United States. The population was 2,287 at the 2000 census. The name is from the Roman poet Virgil. It is the birthplace of Groton, NY, mayor Brandon Wing.

The Town of Virgil is in the southwest part of Cortland County and is south of the City of Cortland.



The region was part of the Central New York Military Tract used to pay soldiers of the American Revolution. "Virgil" was the name of one of the townships of the Military Tract, this name being assigned by a clerk interested in the Classics.

Virgil was first settled around 1792. The town was formed from the Town of Homer in 1804. Virgil was reduced by the formation of the Towns of Harford and Lapeer in 1845. Virgil also lost territory to the Towns of Cortlandville and Freetown.

In 1865, the population was 2,009.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.4 square miles (122.7 km²), of which, 47.3 square miles (122.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.08%) is water.

The west town line is shared with Dryden in Tompkins County. The east town line is shared with Freetown; part of this line is the Tioughnioga River. The north town line is shared with Cortlandville. The south town line separates Virgil from Harford and Lapeer.

US Route 11 and I-81 pass near the east town line by the Tioghnioga River. New York State Route 215, which begins in the City of Cortland in the neighboring town of Cortlandville, ends at the intersection with New York State Route 392 in the hamlet of Virgil. New York State Route 13 cuts across the northwest corner of the town.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,287 people, 833 households, and 623 families residing in the town. The population density was 48.3 people per square mile (18.7/km²). There were 982 housing units at an average density of 20.7/sq mi (8.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.46% White, 0.61% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population.

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