Wellington, Ohio

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Wellington is a village in Lorain County, Ohio, United States. The population was 4,511 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Wellington was settled in 1818 by Ephraim Wilcox, Charles Sweet, William T. Welling, John Clifford, and Joseph Wilson from the states of Massachusetts and New York. It was originally named Charlemont by Charles Sweet who, after winning a tree chopping contest, was given the right to name the township. It was later changed to Wellington by the townspeople in honor of one of the founders William Welling and also "Iron Duke", the Duke of Wellington.

Wellington was incorporated as a village in 1855.

In 1858, the former American House Hotel (later torn down and replace with Herrick Memorial Library) was the site of the Oberlin-Wellington Rescue. A group of men, both white and black and many from Oberlin, swarmed the hotel to rescue runaway slave John Price. He was being held by a US Marshal and his men, who intended to return him to his master in Kentucky.

The abolitionists transported Price out of town en route to the Underground Railroad and got him to Canada. Thirty-seven men were indicted, but only two, Simeon M. Bushnell and Charles Henry Langston, were tried in federal court for interfering with the marshal in carrying out the Fugitive Slave Law. After Langston's eloquent speech about slavery and discrimination, the judge gave them light sentences. The events and trial received national attention, and kept the issue of slavery at the forefront of debate.

Archibald M. Willard, painter of the patriotic Spirit of '76 painting lived in Wellington during the 19th century. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery on the outskirts of the village.

In 2010, Wellington was named the "Best Old House Neighborhood" for the state of Ohio by This Old House Magazine in their annual feature article.[1]

Geography

Wellington is located at the intersection of State Routes 18 and 58.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km²), of which, 2.9 square miles (7.6 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.01%) is water.

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