West Bretton

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Coordinates: 53°22′12″N 1°20′24″W / 53.370°N 1.340°W / 53.370; -1.340

West Bretton is a village and civil parish in the City of Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England. It lies 7 miles (11 km) from Wakefield, close to junction 38 of the M1 motorway. It has a population of 546.[1]

There is a school in the village, West Bretton Junior and Infant School, and a church which is a Anglican-Methodist local ecumenical partnership. There is no pub in the village but at Midgley there is the Black Bull; the Station pub and the Old Post Office pub are nearby. The closest shop to the village is the Blacker Hall farm shop, which sells local produce.

Contents

History

Toponymy

Bretton is the farmstead of the Britons and derives from the Old English, Brettas and ton. It was recorded as Bretone in the Domesday Book of 1086 and West Bretton in 1200. [2]

Bretton Hall

Bretton Hall was built about 1720 by Sir William Wentworth, assisted by James Moyser, in 500 acres (2.0 km2) of lakes and parkland. The Beaumont family, the Viscounts Allendale acquired the hall in 1792 employing John Carr, the Horbury born architect, to remodel the library and dining room in 1793. The hall was enlarged between 1811 and 1814 and the stables built from 1842 to 1852. The hall and other buildings and bridges in Bretton Park are Grade II listed structures. In 1949 the hall became Bretton Hall College, a teacher training college, which was later affiliated to the University of Leeds. It closed in 2006. Bretton Hall is owned by Wakefield Council.[3]

Governance

Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the chapelry of West Bretton was partly in the parish of Sandal Magna in the wapentake of Agbrigg and Morley and partly in the parish of Silkstone in the wapentake of Staincross. It became part of the Wakefield Poor Law Union in 1837.[4][5] West Bretton became part of Wakefield Rural District, created in 1894 and abolished 1974, when it became part of the City of Wakefield Metropolitan District Council.[6]

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