West Deer Township, Pennsylvania

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West Deer Township is a township in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The population was 11,563 at the 2000 census.[1]

Contents

History

In 1788, the Pennsylvania Legislature created Allegheny County from some of Westmoreland and Washington counties and most of the Depreciation Lands north of the Ohio River and west of the Allegheny River. The county was expanded a year later. Of the county's then seven townships, Pitt Township comprised most of the northern part of the county. It is this township that would be divided in 1796 to form Pine and Deer Townships.[2] Deer Township was made up of what is today the eastern parts of Richland and West Deer, most of East Deer, part of Hampton, and all of Fawn and Harrison.[3] Deer gets its name from Chief Deer, a sub-chief of Iroquois leader Guyasuta. Half of Deer Township was used to create Indiana Township in 1805. In 1836, upon petition of its citizens, Deer was divided in East Deer and West Deer. In 1860, the western boundary of West Deer was moved eastward, the land being used to form Richland Township. In 1861, part of the southwestern corner of West Deer was used to form Hampton Township. West Deer also annexed land along it southern border from Indiana Township in this exchange.[2]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 29.0 square miles (75.1 km²), all of it land.

Streams

The Deer Creek flows through the township.[4]

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,563 people, 4,378 households, and 3,349 families residing in the township. The population density was 399.0 people per square mile (154.1/km²). There were 4,584 housing units at an average density of 158.2/sq mi (61.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.94% White, 0.29% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.[1]

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