Whitehorse, Yukon

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Whitehorse (pronounced /ˈhwaɪt.hɔrs/) (2006 population 20,461; CA population 22,898) (known as White Horse until March 21, 1957)[1] is the capital of the Yukon, Canada. Whitehorse accounts for almost 3/4 of the territory's population and is the largest city in the three Canadian territories. Whitehorse is also famous for natural parks and landscapes, receiving the National Civic Lead award for its natural beauty.

Whitehorse, Yukon has a sister city relationship with Echuca, Victoria, Australia

Contents

Geography

Whitehorse is located at Historic Mile 918 (current kilometre post calibration is kilometre 1,425.3) of the Alaska Highway and is the former terminus of the White Pass and Yukon Route Railway from Skagway, Alaska (although the railway tracks still exist, the train only runs as a tourist attraction from Skagway to Carcross, south of Whitehorse). At the head of navigation on the Yukon River, the city was an important supply centre during the Klondike Gold Rush. It has been the territorial capital since 1953,[2] when the seat was moved from Dawson City after the construction of the Klondike Highway. Whitehorse is in the mountain climate region, the tundra soil region, the Arctic vegetation region, and the boreal cordillera ecozone. The city gets its name from the White Horse Rapids, which were said to look like the mane of a white horse. Alternate stories have the rapids named after a First Nations Chief who drowned while crossing the rapids. The rapids have disappeared under Schwatka Lake, formed by the construction of a hydroelectric dam in 1958.

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