William Luther Pierce

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His time spent at Oregon State University (1962–1965) coincided with the rise of two radical social movements, the civil rights movement and the Vietnam anti-war movements. Pierce saw the civil rights movement, with its emphasis on racial equality, as a threat to the white race. He also believed the anti-war movement to be communist-inspired and led primarily by American Jews. He was briefly a member of the John Birch Society in 1962,[12] eventually resigning.

He stated that he decided to join the Nazi movement while teaching at Oregon State University when he saw a mulatto on campus and he came to believe that miscegenation was a threat to the racial integrity of the white race. In 1966, he became an associate of George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party. During this time he was the editor of the party's ideological journal, National Socialist World. When Rockwell was assassinated in 1967, Pierce continued to work with the group and became an official member. The American Nazi Party had been renamed the National Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP) around this time. Pierce left the NSWPP and took control of the National Youth Alliance in 1970, which was renamed the National Alliance in 1974.[8]

National Alliance

The National Alliance adopted the life rune as its symbol. William Pierce intended this organization to be a political vanguard that would ultimately bring about a "white racial redemption". His Cosmotheist Community Church, which was to be the second step in this plan, was organized in 1976, alongside Pierce's political projects: the National Alliance, National Vanguard Books, and the weekly broadcast American Dissident Voices. In 1978 Pierce applied for, and was denied, tax exemption, at which point he claimed that the Internal Revenue Service was Jewish-controlled. Pierce appealed, but an appellate court upheld the I.R.S. decision.[8] In 1985, Pierce moved his operations from Arlington, Virginia, to a 346-acre (1.40 km2) location in Mill Point, West Virginia that he paid for with $95,000 in cash.[8] He called his new church the Cosmotheist Community Church.[8]

When Pierce bought the West Virginia property, he named it the "Cosmotheist Community Church" and applied for federal, state, and local tax exemptions. However, in 1986, the Church lost its state tax exemption for all but 60 (out of nearly 400 acres) acres, which had to be exclusively used for religious purposes.[13] The other 340 acres (1.6 km²) were used for both the National Alliance headquarters and the National Vanguard Books business and warehouse, and were denied tax exemption.

After William Pierce's death, the National Alliance entered a period of internal conflict and decline.

The Turner Diaries

Pierce gained international public attention following the Oklahoma City bombing, as Timothy McVeigh was alleged to have been influenced by The Turner Diaries (1978), the novel written by Pierce under the pseudonym Andrew Macdonald.[8] The book is a graphically violent depiction of a future race war in the United States, which includes a detailed description of the mass hangings of many "race traitors" in the public streets of Los Angeles, followed by the systematic ethnic cleansing of the entire city. The book told through the perspective of Earl Turner, an active member of the white revolutionary underground The Organization.

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