Woodson, Texas

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Woodson is a town in Throckmorton County, Texas, United States. The population was 296 at the 2000 census. A July 1, 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate placed the population at 266.[3]

Contents

Geography

Woodson is located at 33°0′56″N 99°3′8″W / 33.01556°N 99.05222°W / 33.01556; -99.05222 (33.015517, -99.052276)[4] in North Central Texas. It is situated at the junction of U.S. Highway 183 and Farm Roads 209 and 1710 in southeastern Throckmorton County, approximately 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Throckmorton.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

Wildlife

Woodson is situated in semi-arid rolling hills covered in mesquite with "jumping" and prickly pear cactus, "blue brush" and occasional live or post oaks. It has often hot dry summers and cold dry winters. The creek bottoms have huge pecan trees, hackberry, willow, "china berry", "chitelm", elm, cottonwood, and wild plums of several kinds as well as many other trees of various types occurring at times (bois de"Arc, and mulberry are seen). The ground along creeks may be covered in green briars, poison ivy or oak and virginia creeper grows high into the trees in places. The land, as a whole, is a patchwork of mesquite, and farm fields dotted with old oil wells. It is home to whitetailed deer, wild turkey, cottontailed and jack rabbits, feral hogs, bobcats, raccoons, opossom, rattlesnake, bobwhite quail, mourning doves, armadillo, coyotes, an occasaional badger, beaver, fox, mountain lion, and even javalina is seen. Song birds and others thrive. There are many small animals like fox squirrels, hispid cotton rats, soft-shelled turtles etc. to numerous to mention. Large yellow catfish live in the slow moving rivers or in the local lake and stock tanks (ponds) along with many other fish like channel catfish, large-mouthed bass (black bass), crappie, gar, carp, buffalo fish, drum, bream and goggle-eyed sun perch. Red-horse minnows, top-water minnows and a species locally known as bull-head minnows live in the ponds and thrive in the rippling shallows of the river and creeks.

History

The area was initially settled in 1875 by J.O. Wood and Henry McClintick. Wood's son, O.J. Wood played a leading role in the shaping of the community and its economics. Woodson was called Jom when it was established around a cotton gin built in part so that the ranchers could get cotton seed to feed to cattle. After Jom was established, O.J. Wood deeded lots measuring 100 feet (30 m)-by-190 feet (58 m) to anyone who would build a residence there, free of charge.[6] A post office was established in 1905. Wood and Sons grocery applied for a post office for Jom and it came back titled the Woodson post office. The town has been Woodson ever since. The community had an estimated population of 250 by 1914.[7] Farming and ranching were the main sources of income until 1923, when the first oil well was completed. In 1925 the Stubblefield #1 well drilled by the Texas Oil Company (Texaco) came in flowing vast amounts of oil. It has since produced more than 1,000,000 barrels (160,000 m3) from that one well and in 2010 was still producing. This set off a local drilling boom and Texaco even built a refinery north of Woodson where a boom town called Whiz Bang sprang to a short lived life just like the refinery it was beside. All the activity brought the railroad.

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