World's Columbian Exposition

related topics
{day, year, event}
{city, large, area}
{build, building, house}
{@card@, make, design}
{system, computer, user}
{church, century, christian}
{ship, engine, design}
{math, energy, light}
{work, book, publish}
{car, race, vehicle}
{company, market, business}
{theory, work, human}
{god, call, give}
{area, community, home}
{film, series, show}
{black, white, people}
{album, band, music}
{son, year, death}
{island, water, area}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

The World's Columbian Exposition — is the official shortened name for the 'World's Fair: Columbian Exposition,'[1] also known as The Chicago World's Fair — was a World's Fair held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492. Chicago bested New York City; Washington, D.C.; and St. Louis, Missouri, for the honor of hosting the fair. The fair had a profound effect on architecture, the arts, Chicago's self-image, and American industrial optimism. The Chicago Columbian Exposition was, in large part, designed by Daniel Burnham and Frederick Law Olmsted. It was the prototype of what Burnham and his colleagues thought a city should be. It was designed to follow Beaux Arts principles of design, namely French Classical Architecture principles based on symmetry, balance and splendour.

The exposition covered more than 600 acres (2.4 km2), featuring nearly 200 new buildings of classical architecture, canals and lagoons, and people and cultures from around the world. Over 27 million people (equivalent to about half the U.S. population) attended the exposition during its six-month run. Its scale and grandeur far exceeded the other world fairs, and it became a symbol of the emerging American Exceptionalism, much in the same way that the Great Exhibition became a symbol of the Victorian era United Kingdom.

Dedication ceremonies for the fair were held on October 21, 1892, but the fairgrounds were not actually opened to the public until May 1, 1893. The fair continued until October 30, 1893. In addition to recognizing the 400th anniversary of the discovery of the New World by Europeans, the fair also served to show the world that Chicago had risen from the ashes of the Great Chicago Fire, which had destroyed much of the city in 1871. On October 9, 1893, the day designated as Chicago Day, the fair set a record for outdoor event attendance, drawing 716,881 persons to the fair.

Many prominent civic, professional, and commercial leaders from around the United States participated in the financing, coordination, and management of the Fair, including Chicago shoe tycoon Charles Schwab, Chicago railroad and manufacturing magnate John Whitfield Bunn, and Connecticut banking, insurance, and iron products magnate Milo Barnum Richardson, among many others.[2]

The exposition was such a major event in Chicago that one of the stars on the municipal flag honors it.[3][4]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Expo 67
Centennial Exposition
Tokyo Tower
Century 21 Exposition
Eureka Springs, Arkansas
Ossett
Trafalgar Square
Expo (exhibition)
Falles
Louisiana Purchase Exposition
Fort Worth, Texas
Square dance
2002 Commonwealth Games
Tanabata
Japanese traditional dance
Coptic calendar
Mother's Day
Orpington
Dulwich
Groundhog Day
Remembrance Day
Japanese New Year
Western European Summer Time
Wausa, Nebraska
Daylight saving time
Neasden
Love Parade
St Ives, Cambridgeshire
Sunday
Shepton Mallet