Wyoming, Pennsylvania

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Wyoming is a borough in the Greater Pittston area of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States five miles (8 km) north of Wilkes Barre, on the Susquehanna River. Formerly, coal mining was the chief industry. In 1900, 1,909 people resided in Wyoming. There were 3,010 residents in 1910. The population was 3,221 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

The Wyoming Monument marks the gravesite of victims of the July 1778 Battle of Wyoming. The battle was named for the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, of which the current borough of Wyoming is a part.

A force of British and Tories led by John Butler, with the assistance of about 700 Native Americans attacked the outnumbered Wyoming Valley settlers on 3 July 1778, north of Wyoming in what is now Exeter Borough. The exact fatality count is not known, but it is estimated between 200 and 300 settlers were killed in the battle.

An annual observance, sponsored by the Wyoming Commemorative Association, takes place at the obelisk grounds to honor the fallen heroes of this Revolutionary War battle. The monument has been named to the National Register of Historic Places.

The Wyoming Valley was made famous by the 1809 poem "Gertrude of Wyoming" by Thomas Campbell. The state of Wyoming was named after the valley, owing to the popularity of the poem


Geography

Wyoming is located at 41°18′34″N 75°50′13″W / 41.30944°N 75.83694°W / 41.30944; -75.83694 (41.309346, -75.836849)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (8.97%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 3,221 people, 1,487 households, and 852 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,271.6 people per square mile (875.8/km²). There were 1,580 housing units at an average density of 1,114.3/sq mi (429.6/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.50% White, 0.06% African American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 0.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.

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