York, South Carolina

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York is a small city in York County, South Carolina, United States. The city of York is also the county seat of York County. The population was approximately 6,985 at the 2000 census and the 2009 population estimate for the city.[3] York is located approximately 27 miles southwest of Charlotte and 13 miles west of Rock Hill.

Contents

Geography and Climate

York is located at 34°59′41″N 81°14′22″W / 34.99472°N 81.23944°W / 34.99472; -81.23944 (34.994673, -81.239420).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.6 km²), of which 7.9 square miles (20.4 km²) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) (0.88%) is water.

For climate and other weather information see, Climate of the Rock Hill, South Carolina area

History

The first European settlers came to York in the early 1750s, having migrated south from Pennsylvania and Virginia. Of the three major groups settling Pennsylvania, the English came first, then the Germans, and then the Scots. The county names of Lancaster, Chester and York had been brought from England to Pennsylvania, and then on to South Carolina by the early settlers.

Prior to this, the first known inhabitants of York County were the Catawba Indians.

The town of York was originally known as Fergus’s Crossroads for a tavern, owned by two brothers, William and John Fergus, that was located at the intersection of the road from Rutherfordton to Camden and the road from Charlottesburg (Charlotte) to Augusta. When the county of York was established in 1785 the state statute required each county to erect a courthouse and public buildings in the most convenient part of the county, with a tax levied to cover the cost of "building the court houses, prisons, pillories, whipping posts and stocks." Fergus’s Crossroads was near the geographic center of the newly formed county and was chosen for the site of the new county seat.

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