image database


Selected articles

Schoenfeld TJ, Rada P, Pieruzzini PR, Hsueh B, Gould E (2013) Physical exercise prevents stress-induced activation of granule neurons and enhances local inhibitory mechanisms in the dentate gyrus. J Neurosci 33: 7770-7777.

Glasper ER, Gould E (2013) Sexual experience restores age-related decline in adult neurogenesis and hippocampal function. Hippocampus 23: 303-312.

Schoenfeld TJ, Gould E (2012) New neurons retire early. Nature Neurosci 15: 1611-1612.

Schoenfeld TJ, Gould E (2013) Differential effects of stress and glucocorticoids on adult neurogenesis. Curr Topics Behav Neurosci 15: 139-164.

Leuner B, Caponiti JM, Gould E (2012) Oxytocin stimulates adult neurogenesis even under conditions of stress and elevated glucocorticoids. Hippocampus 22: 861-868.

Glasper ER, Schoenfeld TJ, Gould E. (2012) Adult neurogenesis: Optimizing hippocampal function to suit the environment. Behav Brain Res. 227:380-383.

Schoenfeld TJ, Gould E. (2012) Stress, stress hormones and adult neurogenesis. Exp Neurol. 233:12-21.

Opendak M, Gould E. (2011) New neurons maintain efficient stress recovery, Cell Stem Cell, 9:287-8.

Glasper ER, Kozorovitskiy Y, Pavlic A, Gould E. (2011) Paternal experience suppresses adult neurogenesis without altering hippocampal function in Peromyscus californicus. J Comp Neurol. 519:2271-81.

Schoenfeld TJ, Gould E. (2011) Stress and adult neurogenesis. In: The Handbook of Stress. Ed: Conrad CD. Wiley-Blackwell

Leuner B, Gould E. (2010) Dendritic growth in medial prefrontal cortex and cognitive flexibility are enhanced during the postpartum period. J Neurosci. 30:13499-503.

Leuner B, Glasper ER, Gould E. (2010) Parenting and plasticity. Trends Neurosci. 33:465-73.

Leuner B, Glasper ER, Gould E. (2010) Sexual experience promotes adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus despite an initial elevation in stress hormones. PLoS One. 5:e11597.

Glasper ER, Llorens-Martin MV, Leuner B, Gould E, Trejo JL. (2010) Blockade of insulin-like growth factor-I has complex effects on structural plasticity in the hippocampus. Hippocampus. 20(6):706-12.

Leuner B, Gould E. Structural plasticity and hippocampal function. Annu Rev Psychol. 61:111-40.

Leuner B, Glasper ER, Gould E. (2009) Thymidine analog methods for studies of adult neurogenesis are not equally sensitive. J Comp Neurol. 517(2):123-33.

Glasper, ER, Leuner, B, Gould E. (2008). Adult neurogenesis finds its niche, Nature Neuroscience, 11(7): 731.

Leuner  B, Kozorovitskiy Y, Gross CG, Gould E (2007) Diminished adult neurogenesis in the marmoset brain precedes old age. PNAS USA 104: 17169-73.

Gould E (2007) How widespread is adult neurogenesis in mammals? Nature Rev Neurosci 8: 481-8.

Stranahan AM, Khalil D, Gould E (2007)  Running induces widespread structural alterations in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex.  Hippocampus 17: 1017-22.

Leuner B, Mirescu C, Noiman L, Gould E (2007)  Maternal experience inhibits the production of immature neurons in the hippocampus during the postpartum period through elevations in adrenal steroids.  Hippocampus 17: 434-42.

Gould E (2007)  Structural Plasticity In: The Hippocampus Book. Ed:  Andersen P, Morris J, O'Keefe J.  Oxford Univ Press 321-342.

Leuner B, Waddel J, Gould E, Shors TJ (2006) Temporal discontiguity is neither necessary nor sufficient for learning-induced effects on adult neurogenesis. Journal of Neurosci 27: 13437-42.

Mirescu C, Peters JD, Noiman L, Gould E. (2006). Sleep deprivation inhibits adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus by elevating glucocorticoids. PNAS USA 103:19170-5.

Kozorovitskiy Y, Hughes M, Lee K, Gould E. (2006) Fatherhood affects dendritic spines and vasopressin V1a receptors in the primate prefrontal cortex. Nature Neuroscience. 9:1094-5.

Leuner B, Gould E, Shors TJ. (2006) Is there a link between adult neurogenesis and learning? Hippocampus 16:216-24.

Stranahan AM, Khalil D, Gould E. (2006) Social isolation delays the positive effects of running on adult neurogenesis. Nature Neuroscience. 9:526-33.

Mirescu C, Gould E. (2006) Stress and adult neurogenesis. Hippocampus 16(3):233-8.

Kozorovitskiy Y, Gross CG, Kopil C, Battaglia L, McBreen M, Stranahan AM, Gould E. (2005) Experience induces structural and biochemical changes in the adult primate brain. PNAS U S A 102:17478-82.

Tanapat P, Hastings NB, Gould E. (2005) Ovarian steroids influence cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of the adult female rat in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 481:252-65.

Leuner B, Mendolia-Loffredo S, Kozorovitskiy Y, Samburg D, Gould E, Shors TJ. (2004) Learning enhances the survival of new neurons beyond the time when the hippocampus is required for memory. Journal of Neuroscience. 24:7477-81.

Mirescu C, Gould E. (2004) From neurotoxin to neurotrophin. Nature Neuroscience. 7:899-900.

Kozorovitskiy Y, Gould E. (2004) Dominance hierarchy influences adult neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus. Journal of Neuroscience 24:6755-9.

Mirescu C, Peters JD, Gould E. (2004) Early life experience alters response of adult neurogenesis to stress. Nature Neuroscience. 7:841-6.

Gould E (2004)  Stress, deprivation and adult neurogenesis.  In:  The Cognitive Neurosciences, Ed: M. Gazzaniga, MIT Press.

Kozorovitskiy Y, Gould E. (2003) Stem cell fusion in the brain. Nature Cell Biology. 5:952-4.

Coe CL, Kramer M, Czeh B, Gould E, Reeves AJ, Kirschbaum C, Fuchs E. (2003) Prenatal stress diminishes neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of juvenile rhesus monkeys. Biological Psychiatry 54:1025-34.

Hastings NB, Gould E. (2003) Neurons inhibit neurogenesis. Nature Medicine. 9:264-6.

Shors TJ, Townsend DA, Zhao M, Kozorovitskiy Y, Gould E. (2002) Neurogenesis may relate to some but not all types of hippocampal-dependent learning. Hippocampus. 12:578-84.

Gould E, Gross CG. (2002) Neurogenesis in adult mammals: some progress and problems. Journal of Neuroscience. 22:619-23.

Hastings NB, Seth MI, Tanapat P, Rydel TA, Gould E. (2002) Granule neurons generated during development extend divergent axon collaterals to hippocampal area CA3. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 452:324-33.

Gould E, Vail N, Wagers M, Gross CG. (2001) Adult-generated hippocampal and neocortical neurons in macaques have a transient existence. PNAS U S A. 98:10910-7.

Tanapat P, Hastings NB, Rydel TA, Galea LA, Gould E. (2001) Exposure to fox odor inhibits cell proliferation in the hippocampus of adult rats via an adrenal hormone-dependent mechanism. Journal of Comparative Neurology 437:496-504.

Shors TJ, Miesegaes G, Beylin A, Zhao M, Rydel T, Gould E. (2001) Neurogenesis in the adult is involved in the formation of trace memories. Nature 410:372-6.

Gould E, Reeves AJ, Graziano MS, Gross CG. (1999) Neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult primates. Science. 286: 548-52.

Hastings NB, Gould E. (1999) Rapid extension of axons into the CA3 region by adult-generated granule cells. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 413:146-54.

Tanapat P, Hastings NB, Reeves AJ, Gould E. (1999) Estrogen stimulates a transient increase in the number of new neurons in the dentate gyrus of the adult female rat. Journal of Neuroscience. 19:5792-801.

Gould E, Reeves AJ, Fallah M, Tanapat P, Gross CG, Fuchs E. (1999) Hippocampal neurogenesis in adult Old World primates. PNAS U S A. 96:5263-7.

Gould E, Beylin A, Tanapat P, Reeves A, Shors TJ. (1999) Learning enhances adult neurogenesis in the hippocampal formation. Nature Neuroscience. 2:260-5.

Gould E, Tanapat P, Hastings NB, Shors TJ. (1999) Neurogenesis in adulthood: a possible role in learning. Trends in Cognitive Science. 3:186-192.

Tanapat P, Galea LA, Gould E. (1998) Stress inhibits the proliferation of granule cell precursors in the developing dentate gyrus. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience. 16:235-9.

Gould E, Tanapat P, McEwen BS, Flugge G, Fuchs E. (1998) Proliferation of granule cell precursors in the dentate gyrus of adult monkeys is diminished by stress. PNAS U S A. 95:3168-71.

Cameron HA, Tanapat P, Gould E. (1998) Adrenal steroids and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation regulate neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of adult rats through a common pathway. Neuroscience. 82:349-54.

Gould E, Tanapat P, Cameron HA. (1997) Adrenal steroids suppress granule cell death in the developing dentate gyrus through an NMDA receptor-dependent mechanism. Brain Research Developmental Brain Research. 103:91-3.

Gould E, Tanapat P. (1997) Lesion-induced proliferation of neuronal progenitors in the dentate gyrus of the adult rat. Neuroscience. 80:427-36.

Gould E, Tanapat P, McEwen BS. (1997) Activation of the type 2 adrenal steroid receptor can rescue granule cells from death during development. Brain Research Developmental Brain Research. 101:265-8.

Gould E, McEwen BS, Tanapat P, Galea LA, Fuchs E. (1997) Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the adult tree shrew is regulated by psychosocial stress and NMDA receptor activation. Journal of Neuroscience. 17:2492-8.

Gould E, Cameron HA. (1997) Early NMDA receptor blockade impairs defensive behavior and increases cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus of developing rats. Behavioral Neuroscience. 111:49-56.

Cameron HA, Gould E. (1996) Distinct populations of cells in the adult dentate gyrus undergo mitosis or apoptosis in response to adrenalectomy. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 369:56-63.

Gould E, Cameron HA. (1996) Regulation of neuronal birth, migration and death in the rat dentate gyrus. Developmental Neuroscience. 18:22-35.

Cameron HA, McEwen BS, Gould E. (1995) Regulation of adult neurogenesis by excitatory input and NMDA receptor activation in the dentate gyrus. Journal of Neuroscience. 15:4687-92.

Cameron HA, Gould E. (1994) Adult neurogenesis is regulated by adrenal steroids in the dentate gyrus. Neuroscience. 61:203-9.

Gould E, Cameron HA, McEwen BS. (1994) Blockade of NMDA receptors increases cell death and birth in the developing rat dentate gyrus. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 340:551-65.

Cameron HA, Woolley CS, McEwen BS, Gould E. (1993) Differentiation of newly born neurons and glia in the dentate gyrus of the adult rat. Neuroscience. 56:337-44.

Cameron HA, Woolley CS, Gould E. (1993) Adrenal steroid receptor immunoreactivity in cells born in the adult rat dentate gyrus. Brain Research. 611:342-6.

Gould E, Cameron HA, Daniels DC, Woolley CS, McEwen BS. (1992) Adrenal hormones suppress cell division in the adult rat dentate gyrus. Journal of Neuroscience. 12:3642-50.

Watanabe Y, Gould E, McEwen BS. (1992) Stress induces atrophy of apical dendrites of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal neurons. Brain Research. 588:341-5.

Gould E, Woolley CS, Cameron HA, Daniels DC, McEwen BS. (1991) Adrenal steroids regulate postnatal development of the rat dentate gyrus: II. Effects of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids on cell birth. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 313:486-93.

Gould E, Woolley CS, McEwen BS. (1991) Adrenal steroids regulate postnatal development of the rat dentate gyrus: I. Effects of glucocorticoids on cell death. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 313:479-85.

Gould E, Woolley CS, McEwen BS. (1991) Naturally occurring cell death in the developing dentate gyrus of the rat. Journal of Comparative Neurology. 304:408-18.

Westlind-Danielsson A, Gould E, McEwen BS. (1991) Thyroid hormone causes sexually distinct neurochemical and morphological alterations in rat septal-diagonal band neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry. 56:119-28.

Woolley CS, Gould E, Frankfurt M, McEwen BS. (1990) Naturally occurring fluctuation in dendritic spine density on adult hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Journal of Neuroscience. 10:4035-9.

Woolley CS, Gould E, McEwen BS. (1990) Exposure to excess glucocorticoids alters dendritic morphology of adult hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Brain Research. 531(1-2):225-31.

Gould E, Allan MD, McEwen BS. (1990) Dendritic spine density of adult hippocampal pyramidal cells is sensitive to thyroid hormone. Brain Research. 525:327-9.

Frankfurt M, Gould E, Woolley CS, McEwen BS. (1990) Gonadal steroids modify dendritic spine density in ventromedial hypothalamic neurons: a Golgi study in the adult rat. Neuroendocrinology. 51:530-5.

Gould E, Woolley CS, Frankfurt M, McEwen BS. (1990) Gonadal steroids regulate dendritic spine density in hippocampal pyramidal cells in adulthood. Journal of Neuroscience. 10:1286-91.

Gould E, Westlind-Danielsson A, Frankfurt M, McEwen BS. (1990) Sex differences and thyroid hormone sensitivity of hippocampal pyramidal cells. Journal of Neuroscience. 10:996-1003.

Gould E, Frankfurt M, Westlind-Danielsson A, McEwen BS. (1990) Developing forebrain astrocytes are sensitive to thyroid hormone. Glia. 3:283-92.

Gould E, Woolley CS, McEwen BS. (1990) Short-term glucocorticoid manipulations affect neuronal morphology and survival in the adult dentate gyrus. Neuroscience. 37:367-75.

Gould E, Butcher LL. (1989) Developing cholinergic basal forebrain neurons are sensitive to thyroid hormone. Journal of Neuroscience. 9:3347-58.

Gould E, Farris TW, Butcher LL. (1989) Basal forebrain neurons undergo somatal and dendritic remodeling during postnatal development: a single-section Golgi and choline acetyltransferase analysis. Brain Research Developmental Brain Research. 46:297-302.

Gould E, Woolf NJ, Butcher LL. (1989) Cholinergic projections to the substantia nigra from the pedunculopontine and laterodorsal tegmental nuclei. Neuroscience. 28:611-23.

Woolf NJ, Gould E, Butcher LL. (1989) Nerve growth factor receptor is associated with cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain but not the pontomesencephalon. Neuroscience. 30:143-52.