The Penographic

…the writer is enabled to use it for 10 or 12 hours with the same ease as with a pencil…!

Patent Penographic or Writing Instrument [broadside] (London: W. Robson & Co., ca.1819). Graphic Arts division GAX 2008- in process

Scheffer’s Penographic, patented in 1819, was one of the first workable fountain pens. Its secret was a flexible tube made of a goose quill and pig’s bladder. Pressure was exerted on a lever and a knob to propel ink into the nib when desired.