References

Aspray, William. 1984. "Literature and Institutions in the History of Computing." ISIS, 75, pp. 162-170.

AT&T Bell Laboratories. 1987. UNIX System Readings and Applications. 2 vols. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.

Backus, John. 1977. "Can Programming Be Liberated from the von Neumann Style? A Functional Style and Its Algebra of Programs." (ACM Turing Award Lecture for 1977). Communications of the ACM, 21,8, pp. 613-641.

Bashe, Charles J., Lyle R. Johnson, John H. Palmer, and Emerson W. Pugh. 1986. IBM's Early Computers. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Berkeley, Edmund C. 1949. Giant Brains or Machines That Think. New York, John Wiley & Sons.

Bolter, J. David. 1984. Turing's Man Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press.

Boehm, Barry. 1981. Software Engineering Economics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.

Burke, John G. 1970. "Comment: The complex nature of explanation in the historiography of technology." Technology and Culture, 11, pp. 22-26.

Buxton, J.N. and Brian Randell (eds.). 1970 Software Engineering Techniques: Report on a conference sponsored by the NATO Science Committee, Rome, Italy, 27th to 31st October 1969. Brussels, Scientific Affairs Department, NATO. Cf. Naur et al. (1976).

Ceruzzi, Paul E. 1982 Reckoners: The Prehistory of the Digital Computer, From Relays to the Stored Program Concept, 1935-1945. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press.

Cohen, I. Bernard. 1986. Revolutions in Science. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

Cowan, Ruth. 1983. More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave. New York, Basic Books.

Daniels, George. 1970. "The Big Questions in the History of American Technology." Technology and Culture, 11, pp. 1-21.

DeMillo, Richard, Richard J. Lipton, and Alan J. Perlis. 1979. "Social Processes and Proofs of Theorems and Programs." Communications of the ACM, 22, 5, pp. 271-280.

Diebold, John. November-December 1953. "Automation \*- the new technology. Harvard Business Review. pp. 63-71.

Feigenbaum, Edward and Pamela McCorduck. 1983 The Fifth Generation: Artificial Intelligence and Japan's Computer Challenge to the World. Reading, MA, Addison-Wesley.

Ferguson, Eugene S. 1979a. "The American-ness of American Technology." Technology and Culture, 20, .pp. 3-24.

Ferguson, Eugene S. 1979b. "The Mind's Eye: Nonverbal Thought in Technology." Science, 197, pp. 827-836.

Ford, Henry. 1922. My Life and Times. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.

Frand, Erwin. July 1983. "Thoughts on Product Development: Remembrance of Things Past." Industrial Research and Development. p. 23.

Greenbaum, Joan. 1979. In the Name of Efficiency: Management Theory and Shopfloor Practice in Data Processing Work. Philadelphia, Temple University Press.

Herrmann, Cyril C. and John F. Magee. July-August 1953. "'Operations Research' for Management." Harvard Business Review. pp. 100-112.

Hindle, Brooke. 1981. Emulation and Invention. New York, Basic Books.

Hounshell, David A. 1984. From American System to Mass Production: The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hughes, Thomas P. 1983. Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society, 1880-1930. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press.

Hurni, Melvin L. September-October 1955. "Decision Making in the Age of Automation." Harvard Business Review, 34 pp. 49-58.

Jenkins, Reese V. 1987. "Words, Images, Artifacts and Sound: Documents for the History of Technology." British Journal for the History of Science, 20, pp. 39-56.

Kidder, Tracy. 1981. The Soul of a New Machine. New York, Little, Brown & Co.

Kraft, Philip. 1977. Programmers and Managers: The Routinization of Computer Programming in the United States. New York, Springer Verlag.

Lundstrom, David E. 1987. A Few Good Men From Univac. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Lynd, Robert S. and Helen Merrell Lynd. 1929. Middletown. New York, Harcourt, Brace & World.

Machlup, Fritz and Una Mansfeld. 1983. The Study of Information: Interdisciplinary Messages. New York, John Wiley & Sons.

McDougall, Walter A. 1985. ... The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age. New York, Basic Books.

McIlroy, M. Douglas. 1969. "Mass-Produced Software." In Naur and Randell 1969.

Meyer, Stephen III. 1981. The Five-Dollar Day. Albany, State University of New York Press.

Morison, Elting E. 1974. From Know-How to Nowhere: The Development of American Technology. New York, Basic Books.

Naur, Peter and Brian Randell (eds.). 1969. Software Engineering: Report on a conference sponsored by the NATO Science Committee, Garmisch, Germany, 7th to 11th October, 1968. Brussels, Scientific Affairs Division, NATO. See Naur et al. 1976.

Naur, Peter, Brian Randell and J.N. Buxton (eds.). 1976. Software Engineering: Concepts and Techniques. New York, Petrocelli/Charter.

Nelson, Daniel. 1975. Managers and Workers: Origins of the New Factory System in the United States, 1880-1920. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.

Newell, Allen and Simon, Herbert A. 1976. "Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry." Communications of the ACM, 19, pp.113-126.

Noble, David. 1984. Forces of Production: A Social History of Industrial Automation. New York, Alfred Knopf.

Nora, Simon and Alain Minc. 1978 L'Informatisation de la soci\*'et\*'e. Paris, La documentation fran\*,caise. Translated into English under the title .I The Computerization of Society. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1980.

Randell, Brian (ed.). 1982. Origins of Digital Computers: Selected Papers. Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, Springer Verlag. 3rd ed.

Rheingold, Howard. 1985. Tools for Thought: The People and Ideas Behind the Next Computer Revolution. New York, Simon and Schuster.

Rose, Frank. 1984. Into the Heart of the Mind: An American Quest for Artificial Intelligence. New York, Random House.

Rosen, Saul. 1967. "Programming Systems and Languages - A Historical Survey." In his Programming Systems and Languages. New York, McGraw-Hill.

Rosenberg, Nathan. 1963. "Technological Change in the Machine Tool Industry, 1840-1910." Journal of Economic History, 23, pp. 414-443.

Rosenberg, Nathan. 1979. "Technological interdependence in the American Economy." Technology and Culture, 20, pp. 25-50.

Sammet, Jean. 1969. Programming Languages. History and Fundamentals. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.

Simon, Herbert A. 1960. The New Science of Management Decision. New York, Harper & Row.

Simon, Herbert. 1981. The Sciences of the Artificial. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press. 2nd ed.

Smith, Merritt Roe. 1977. Harper's Ferry Armory and the New Technology. Ithaca, Cornell University Press.

Stern, Nancy. 1981. From ENIAC to UNIVAC: An Appraisal of the Eckert-Mauchly Computers. Billerica, MA, Digital Press.

Wallace, Anthony F.P. 1978. Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution. New York, Alfred A. Knopf. (Paperback ed. New York, W.W. Norton, 1980).

Weinberg, Gerald M. 1971. The Psychology of Computer Programming. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Wexelblatt, Richard L. 1981. History of Programming Languages. New York, Academic Press.

Wilkinson, James H. 1971. "Some Comments from a Numerical Analyst." (1970 Turing Award Lecture). Journal of the ACM, 18,2(1971), 137-147;

Williams, Michael. 1986. A History of Computing Technology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.

Yourdon, Edward. 1979. Classics of Software Engineering. New York, Yourdon Press.

Yourdon, Edward. 1982. Papers of the Revolution. New York, Yourdon Press.