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Princeton Project on National Security
Global Transitions


"Are Alliances Useful Anymore?" Washington Quarterly Symposium, Spring 2004.
In a coalition-based world, what role do alliances play today? Perspectives from Kurt M. Campbell, Dingli Shen and Bruno Tertrais.

"The Sources of Terrorist Conduct" by Robert L. Hutchings. (Speech to the Jefferson Literary and Debating Society, University of Virginia, March 19, 2004)

"A Changed World" by George P. Shultz. (Kissinger Lecture at the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., February 11, 2004)
Terrorism is the method of choice of an extensive, internationally connected ideological movement dedicated to the destruction of our international system of cooperation and progress. The diplomacy of incentives, containment, deterrence, and prevention, are all made more effective by the demonstrated possibility of forceful preemption. The message is that the U.S. and others in the world who recognize the need to sustain our international system will no longer quietly acquiesce in the take-over of states by lawless dictators who then carry on their depredations – including the development of awesome weapons for threats, use, or sale – behind the shield of protection that statehood provides. Action in Iraq has important implications for Israeli-Palestinian issues and for our own dangerous dependence on imported oil.

"Sovereignty: Existing Rights, Evolving Responsibilities" by Richard N. Haass. (Remarks to the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, January 14, 2003)
One of the most profound changes in international relations is the reality that sovereignty is neither absolute nor unconditional. While sovereignty remains an essential foundation for peace, democracy, and prosperity, it is being challenged from both within and without. Weak states struggle to exercise legitimate authority within their territories. Globalization makes it harder for all nations to control their frontiers. Governments trade freedom of action for the benefits of multilateral cooperation. And outlaw regimes jeopardize their sovereign status by pursuing reckless policies fraught with danger for their citizens and the international community. We need to adjust our thinking and our actions to these new realities.

"The Unipolar Moment Revisited" by Charles Krauthammer. National Interest, Winter 2002/2003, Issue 70, p5.
The two defining features of the new post-Cold War world remain: unipolarity and rogue states with weapons of mass destruction. The first and most urgent task is protection from these weapons. Post-9/11doctrines amount to an unprecedented assertion of American freedom of action and a definitive statement of new American unilateralism. It has produced the first crisis of unipolarity, revolving around the central question: who will define the hegemon’s ends? The new unilateralism defines American interests far beyond narrow self-defense. In particular, it identifies two other major interests, both global: extending the peace by advancing democracy and preserving the peace by acting as balancer of last resort. Unilateralism does not mean seeking to act alone. It simply means that one does not allow oneself to be hostage to others.


U.S. Commission on National Security in the 21st Century

  • "New World Coming: American Security in the 21st Century" (Sep 1999)
  • "Seeking a National Strategy: A Concert for Preserving Security and Promoting Freedom" (April 2000)
  • "Roadmap for National Security: Imperative for Change" (Feb 2001)

L20: The G20 at the Leader's Level

National Intelligence Council

National Intelligence Council 2020


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