Fear vs. Hope: America and Global Security by Gordon Adams. Foreign Service Journal, June 2005, pp. 58-65.
To be truly secure, America needs to change the way it looks at the rest of the world--and pay attention to some larger underlying trends.
Integrated Power: A National Security Strategy for the 21st Century by Lawrence J. Korb and Robert O. Boorstin, (Center for American Progress, June 2005)
"Integrated power" discards traditional concepts of hard and soft power and uses them as essential partners and not alternatives. It is also: a strategy that consciously uses the unifying forces of globalization to defeat the forces of fragmentation; a strategy that says the United States best increases its power when it integrates its actions with those of its allies; a strategy that says we cannot continue to divorce defense policy from energy policy, homeland security, development assistance or diplomacy; and a strategy that matches resources to priorities.
American Strategies for Security and Peace" by Zbigniew
Brzezinski. (Speech to Center for American Progress, October
War on terrorism defines the central preoccupation of the United
States in the world today, and it reflects a rather narrow and extremist
vision of foreign policy of the world’s first superpower,
of a great democracy, with genuinely idealistic traditions. For
the first time our commitment to idealism worldwide is challenged
by a sense of security vulnerability. We have to be very careful
in that setting not to become preoccupied only with ourselves and
subordinate everything else in the world to an exaggerated sense
of insecurity. Rather, the United States should: emphasize the enduring
nature of the alliance relationship and strive to expand the zone
of peace and prosperity in the world; deal with that part of the
world which is a zone of conflict and try to transform it into a
zone of peace; and make a strategic commitment to deal with nuclear
For more see:
- The Choice: Domination or Leadership
by Zbigniew Brzezinski. (Basic, 2004)
- "Books of the Times; Brzezinski
Offers His Vision As an Alternative on Security" by G.
John Ikenberry. (New York Times, March 30, 2004)
Steps to a Safer America: National Security and the 2005 Budget"
by Lawrence J. Korb. (Center for American Progress, 2004)
To deal with the threats we face, the United States needs a realistic,
effective and sustainable national security strategy and a defense
budget that reinforces our strategic goals. Our strategy is based
on these principles: focus on the primary threat to the security
of the United States, terrorist with a global reach; ensure that
our armed forces are strong enough to carry out their missions;
use every weapon in our arsenal – diplomatic, economic, technological
and military; work with allies and international institutions to
best advance our national interests; promote an integrated international
and domestic strategy.
"U.S. Power and Strategy After Iraq"
by Joseph S. Nye, Jr. Foreign Affairs; Jul/Aug2003, Vol.
82 Issue 4, p60.
U.S. military power is essential to global stability and is a critical
part of the response to global terrorism. The willingness of other
countries to cooperate in dealing with transnational issues such
as terrorism depends on their own interest and the U.S. The U.S.
should incline toward multilateralism whenever possible as a way
to legitimize its power and gain broad acceptance of its strategy
and foreign policies. To implement the strategy successfully, therefore,
the U.S. will need to pay attention more to soft power and multilateral
cooperation than unilateralism.
For more see:
- Soft Power: The Means to Success in World
Politics by Joseph S., Nye, Jr. (Public Affairs
American Security Policy: Challenge, Opportunity, Commitment"
by the National Security Advisory Group to Senator Tom Daschle,
William J. Perry, Chair. (July 2003)
Six papers evaluating American security programs and recommending
how to improve them to reduce the likelihood of nuclear bombs being
used in regional wars and in terror attacks on American cities.
Topics: the loose nukes crisis in North Korea; proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction; winning the war on terrorism and strengthening
homeland security; post-conflict reconstruction in Iraq; strengthening
U.S. security through alliances and partnerships; national security
spending and priorities.
New National Security Strategy In An Age of Terrorists, Tyrants,
and Weapons of Mass Destruction by Lawrence J. Korb.
Council on Foreign Relations Council Policy Initiative; 2003.
There are three approaches to developing a new
security strategy to safeguard the United States, each of which
would lead the country in a different direction. These choices call
for leveraging American dominance with preventive military action,
creating stability by using American military superiority for deterrence
and containment, and working toward a more cooperative, rule-based
international system backed by American power that is used in genuine
concert with U.S. friends and allies.
Center for American Progress
Foreign Policy Leadership Council
International Alert’s Gender and Peacebuilding Programme and Women Waging Peace (joint Toolkit on Women, Peace and Security)
Partnership for a Secure America
The Next Generation Project: Creating Better Global Institutions for America
Truman National Security Project