Princeton Power Electronics Research Lab

Fundamental Theory and Inspiring Applications

Journal Publications

  • P. Wang, D. Zhou, Y. Elasser, J. Baek and M. Chen, “Matrix Coupled All-in-One Magnetics for PWM Power Conversion,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2022. Link, Paper

  • T. Liu, X. Zhao, P. Wang, Q. C. Burlingame, J. Hu, K. Roh, Z. Xu, B. P. Rand, M. Chen, and Y.-L. Loo, “Highly Transparent, Scalable, and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells with Minimal Aesthetic Compromise,” Advanced Energy Materials, 2022, 2200402. Link, Paper

  • J. Baek, Y. Elasser, K. Radhakrishnan, H. Gan, J. Douglas, H. K. Krishnamurthy, X. Li, S. Jiang, C. R. Sullivan, and M. Chen, “Vertical Stacked LEGO-PoL CPU Voltage Regulator,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, accepted. Link, Paper

  • Y. Chen, P. Wang, H. Cheng, G. Szczeszynski, S. Allen, D. M. Giuliano, and M. Chen, “Virtual Intermediate Bus CPU Voltage Regulator,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, accepted. Link, Paper

  • P. Wang and M. Chen, “Analysis and Design of Series Voltage Compensator for Differential Power Processing,” IEEE Journal of Selected and Emerging Topics of Power Electronics, accepted. Link, Paper

  • D. Zhou, Y. Elasser, J. Baek and M. Chen, “Reluctance based Dynamic Models for Multiphase Coupled Inductor Buck Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 37, no. 2, pp.1334-1351, Feb. 2022. Link, Paper

  • P. Wang, R. C. N. Pilawa-Podgurski, P. Krein and M. Chen, “Stochastic Power Loss Analysis of Differential Power Processing,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 81-99, Jan. 2022. Link, Paper

  • M. Chen and C. R. Sullivan, “Unified Models for Coupled Inductors Applied to Multiphase PWM Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 14155-14174, Dec. 2021.Link, Paper
    TPEL 2021 Prize Paper, 1st Place

  • P. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, R. C. N. Pilawa-Podgurski and M. Chen, “Differential Power Processing for Ultra-Efficient Data Storage,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 4269-4286, April 2021. Link, Paper
    TPEL 2021 Prize Paper, 2nd Place

  • Y. Chen, M. Chen and D. Xu, “A 3-kW Two-Stage Transformerless PV Inverter With Resonant DC Link and ZVS-PWM Operation,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 1495-1506, March-April 2021. Link, Paper

  • M. Liu, Y. Chen, Y. Elasser and M. Chen, “Dual Frequency Hierarchical Multilayer Battery Balancer Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 3099-3110, March 2021. Link, Paper

  • Y. Chen, P. Wang, Y. Elasser and M. Chen, “Multicell Reconfigurable Multi-Input Multi-Output Energy Router Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 13210-13224, Dec. 2020. Link, Paper
    TPEL 2020 Prize Paper, 2nd Place

  • M. Chen and H. Vincent Poor, “High-Frequency Power Electronics at the Grid Edge: A Bottom-Up Approach Toward the Smart Grid,” IEEE Electrification Magazine, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 6-17, Sept. 2020. Link, Paper
    Invited Paper

  • M. Liu and M. Chen, “Dual-Band Wireless Power Transfer with Reactance Steering Network and Reconfigurable Receivers,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 496-507, Jan. 2020. Link, Paper

  • M. Chen, S. Chakraborty, and D. J. Perreault, “Multitrack Power Factor Correction Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 2454-2466, March, 2019. Link, Paper

  • K. K. Berggren, Q.-Y. Zhao, N. Abebe, M. Chen, P. Ravindran, A. McCaughan, and J. C. Bardin, “A Superconducting Nanowire can be Modeled by Using SPICE,” Superconductor Science and Technology, vol. 31, no. 5, 2018. Link

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, C. Sombuddha and D. J. Perreault, “Multitrack Power Conversion Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 325-340, Jan. 2017. Link, Paper
    TPEL 2017 Prize Paper, 2nd Place

  • Y. Ni, S. Pervaiz, M. Chen and K. K. Afridi, “Energy Density Enhancement of Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffers Through Capacitance Ratio Optimization,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 6363-6380, Aug. 2017. Link

  • M. Chen, M. Araghchini, K. K. Afridi, J. H. Lang, C. R. Sullivan and D. J. Perreault, “A Systematic Approach to Modeling Impedances and Current Distribution in Planar Magnetics,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics , vol.31, no.1, pp. 560–580, January, 2016. Link, Paper
    TPEL 2016 Prize Paper, 1st Place

  • Y. Tang, M. Chen, and L. Ran, “A Compact MMC Submodule Structure With Reduced Capacitor Size Using the Stacked Switched Capacitor Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 6920-6936, Oct. 2016. Link

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, and D. J. Perreault, “A Multilevel Energy Buffer and Voltage Modulator for Grid-Interfaced Micro-inverters,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 30(3): 1203-1219, Mar. 2015. Link, Paper

  • K. K. Afridi, M. Chen, and D. J. Perreault, “Enhanced Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 50(2): 1141-1149, Mar. 2014. Link

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, and D. J. Perreault, “Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28(11): 5183-5195, Nov. 2013. Link, Paper

  • X. Chen, C. Kang, and M. Chen, “Short Term Probabilistic Forecasting of the Magnitude and Timing of Extreme Load,” Proceedings of the Chinese Society of Electrical Engineering, 2011. Link

Conference Proceedings

  • D. H. Zhou, A. Bendory, P. Wang and M. Chen, ‘‘Intrinsic and Robust Voltage Balancing of FCML Converters with Coupled Inductors,“ IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 2021. Link

  • P. Wang, D. H. Zhou, V. Yang and M. Chen, ‘‘Matrix Coupled All-in-One Magnetics for PWM Power Conversion,“ IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 2021. Link

  • E. Dogariu, H. Li, D. Serrano López, S. Wang, M. Luo and M. Chen, ‘‘Transfer Learning Methods for Magnetic Core Loss Modeling,“ IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 2021. Link

  • M. Liao, H. Li, P. Wang, Y. Chen and M. Chen, ‘‘Machine Learning Methods for Power Flow Control of Multi-Active-Bridge Converters,“ IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 2021. Link

  • T. Sen, J. Baek and M. Chen, ‘‘Current Balancing of Paralleled Switches in Resonant Converters with Multiphase Coupled Inductor,“ IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, 2021. Link

  • J. Baek, Y. Elasser and M. Chen, “3D LEGO-PoL: A 93.3% Efficient 48V-1.5V 450A Merged-Two-Stage Hybrid Switched-Capacitor Converter with 3D Vertical Coupled Inductors,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), Phoenix, June 2021. Link

  • Y. Chen, H. Cheng, D. Giuliano and M. Chen, “A 93.7% Efficient 400A 48V-1V Merged-Two-Stage Hybrid Switched-Capacitor Converter with 24V Virtual Intermediate Bus and Coupled Inductors,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), Phoenix, June 2021. Link, Paper

  • Y. Elasser, J. Baek, C. R. Sullivan and M. Chen, “Modeling and Design of Vertical Multiphase Coupled Inductors with Inductance Dual Model,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), Phoenix, June 2021. Link

  • C. R. Sullivan and M. Chen, “Coupled Inductors for Fast-Response High-Density Power Delivery: Discrete and Integrated,” IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC), 2021. Link, Paper

  • Y. Chen, D. M. Giuliano and M. Chen, “Two-Stage 48V-1V Hybrid Switched-Capacitor Point-of-Load Converter with 24V Intermediate Bus,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2020. Link
    COMPEL 2020 Best Paper Award

  • P. Wang, R. C. N. Pilawa-Podgurski, P. T. Krein and M. Chen, “Performance Limits of Differential Power Processing,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), virtual, 2020. Link

  • D. Zhou, Y. Elasser, J. Baek, C. R. Sullivan and M. Chen, “Inductance Dual Model and Control of Multiphase Coupled Inductor Buck Converter,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2020. Link, Paper

  • H. Li, S. R. Lee, M. Luo, C. R. Sullivan, Y. Chen and M. Chen, “MagNet: A Machine Learning Framework for Magnetic Core Loss Modeling,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2020. Link, Paper

  • J. Yuan, Y. Chen, Y. Yang, F. Blaabjerg and M. Chen, “High Frequency Multicell Cascaded Quasi-Square-Wave Boost Converter,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2020. Link

  • P. Wang and M. Chen, “Series Voltage Compensator for Differential Power Processing,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), virtual, 2020. Link, Paper

  • Y. Chen, J. Baek and M. Chen, “Merged-Two-Stage Resonant and PWM Soft-Charging of Hybrid-Switched-Capacitor DC-DC Converters,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), virtual, 2020. Link

  • Y. Elasser, J. Baek and M. Chen, “A Merged-Two-Stage LEGO-PoL Converter with Coupled Inductors for Vertical Power Delivery,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), virtual, 2020. Link

  • Y. Chen, J. Baek, and M. Chen, “LEGO-Boost: a Merged-Two-Stage Resonant-Switched-Capacitor Converter with High Voltage Conversion Ratio,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), virtual, 2020, Link

  • J. Baek, P. Wang, Y. Elasser, Y. Chen, S. Jiang, and M. Chen, “LEGO-PoL: a 48V-1.5V 300A Merged-Two-Stage Hybrid Converter for Ultra-High-Current Microprocessors,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), 2020. Link

  • Y. Elasser, Y. Chen, M. Liu, and M. Chen, “A Multiway Bidirectional Multiport-AC-Coupled (MAC) Battery Balancer with Online Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), 2020. Link

  • M. Liu, Y. Zhu, Z. Wang, and M. Chen, “A Hybrid Active/Passive Domino Architecture with MIMO Power Flow Control and Mixed Frequency Operation for Extended Range and Multi-Medium Wireless Power Transfer,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), 2020. Link, Paper

  • P. Wang, Y. Chen, P. Kushima, Y. Elasser, M. Liu, and M. Chen, “A 99.7% Efficient 300 W Hard Disk Drive Storage Server with Multiport Ac-Coupled Differential Power Processing (MAC-DPP) Architecture,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. Link
    ECCE 2019 Best Demonstration Award

  • Y. Chen, P. Wang, Y. Elasser, and M. Chen, “LEGO-MIMO Architecture: A Universal Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) Power Converter with Linear Extendable Group Operated (LEGO) Power Bricks,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. Link, Paper

  • J. Baek, G.-W. Moon, and M. Chen, “A Reverse-Feeding Hold-up Time Strategy for Two-Stage Grid-Interface PFC with a Rectifier-Coupled Boost Inductor,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. Link
    APEC 2019 Milan M. Jovanović Memorial Session

  • M. Liu, P. Wang, Y. Guan and M. Chen, “A 13.56 MHz Multiport-Wireless-Coupled (MWC) Battery Balancer with High Frequency Online Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. Link

  • Y. Guan, P. Wang, M. Liu, D. Xu and M. Chen, “MSP-LEGO: Modular Series-Parallel (MSP) Architecture and LEGO Building Blocks for Non-isolated High Voltage Conversion Ratio Hybrid Dc-Dc Converters,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2019. Link

  • J. Baek, P. Wang, S. Jiang and M. Chen, “LEGO-PoL: A 93.1% 54V-1.5V 300A Merged-Two-Stage Hybrid Converter with a Linear Extendable Group Operated Point-of-Load (LEGO-PoL) Architecture,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2019. Link

  • P. Wang, Y. Chen, Y. Elasser and M. Chen, “Small Signal Model for Very-Large-Scale Multi-Active-Bridge Differential Power Processing (MAB-DPP) Architecture,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2019. Link, Paper

  • Y. Elasser, Y. Chen, P. Wang and M. Chen, “Sparse Operation of Multi-Winding Transformer in Multiport-Ac-Coupled Converters,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2019. Link

  • Y. Chen, Y. Elasser, P. Wang, J. Baek and M. Chen, “Turbo-MMC: Minimizing the Submodule Capacitor Size in Modular Multilevel Converters with a Matrix Charge Balancer,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2019. Link

  • Y. Chen, P. Wang, H. Li, and M. Chen, “Power Flow Control in Multi-Active-Bridge Converters: Theories and Applications,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2019. Link
    APEC 2019 Outstanding Presentation Award

  • M. Liu and M. Chen, “Dual-Band Multi-Receiver Wireless Power Transfer: Architecture, Topology, and Control,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2019. Link

  • P. Wang and M. Chen, “Towards Power FPGA: Architecture, Modeling and Control of Multiport Power Converters,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling of Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2018. Link

  • M. Liu and M. Chen, “Dual-Band Multi-Receiver Wireless Power Transfer with Reactance Steering Network,” IEEE Workshop on Emerging Technologies: Wireless Power (WoW), 2018. Link

  • M. Chen, S. Chakraborty, and D. J. Perreault, “Multitrack Power Factor Correction Architecture,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), 2018. Link

  • W. D. Braun, M. Chen and D. J. Perreault, “A Switched-winding Transformer with Low Quiescent Loss to Meet the Level VI Efficiency Standard at High Power Density,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2017. Link

  • M. Chen, “Magnetics Design and Optimization for Tapped-Series-Capacitor (TSC) Power Converters,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling in Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2017. Link

  • S. J. Gunter, M. Chen, S. A. Pavlick, R. A. Abramson, K. K. Afridi, and D. J. Perreault, “Applicability and Limitations of a M2Spice-assisted Time-Domain Current Calculation and Visualization Approach for Planar Magnetics,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2016. Link
    APEC 2016 Outstanding Presentation Award

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, S. Chakraborty, and D. J. Perreault, “A High-Power-Density Wide-Input-Voltage-Range Dc-Dc Converter having a MultiTrack Architecture,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE), 2015. Link

  • M. Chen, S. Pradeep, and J. Morroni, “A Series-Capacitor Tapped Buck Converter (SC-TaB) for Regulated High Voltage Conversion Ratio Dc-Dc Applications,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE), 2014. Link

  • M. Chen, Y. Ni, C. M. Serrano, B. J. Montgomery, D. J. Perreault and K. K. Afridi, “An Electrolytic-Free Offline LED Driver with a Ceramic-Capacitor-Based Compact SSC Energy Buffer,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE), 2014. Link
    ECCE 2014 Best Demonstration Award

  • M. Chen, M. Araghchini, K. K. Afridi, J. H. Lang, C. R. Sullivan and D. J. Perreault, “A Systematic Approach to Modeling Impedances and Current Distribution in Planar Magnetics,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling in Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2014. Link

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, and D. J. Perreault, “A Multilevel Energy Buffer and Voltage Modulator for Grid-Interfaced Micro-inverters,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE), 2013. Link

  • M. Chen, K. K. Afridi, S. Chakraborty, and D. J. Perreault, “Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture,” IEEE Appied Power Electronics Conference (APEC), 2012. Link

  • Y. Tang, M. Chen, and L. Ran, “A Compact Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) Submodule Structure with Reduced Capacitance Based on Stacked Switched Capacitor (SSC) Architecture,” IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2016. Link

  • Y. Ni, S. Pervaiz, M. Chen and K. K. Afridi, “Energy Density Enhancement of Unipolar SSC Energy Buffers through Capacitance Ratio Optimization,” IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling in Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2014. Link

  • K. K. Afridi, M. Chen, and D. J. Perreault, “Enhanced Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE), 2012. Link

Technical Reports

  • J. G. Kassakian, R. L. Schmalensee, G. DesGroseilliers, T. D. Heidel, K. K. Afridi, A. M. Farid, J. M. Grochow, W. W. Hogan, H. D. Jacoby, J. L. Kirtley, H. G. Michaels, I. Prez Arriaga, D. J. Perreault, N. L. Rose, G. L. Wilson, N. Abudaldah, M. Chen, P. E. Donohoo, S. J. Gunter, P. J. Kwok, V. A. Sakhrani, J. Wang, A. Whitaker, X. L. Yap, and R. Y. Zhang, “The Future of the Electric Grid,”, MIT Energy Initiative, December, 2011. Link

  • L. Golston, G. Davies, R. Edwards, M. Miller, M. Momen, T. Nealon, E. Bou-Zeid, M. Chen, M. O.L. Hansen, M. Hultmark, R. Socolow, Wind Power: An Energy Technology Distillate, Princeton Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, December, 2018. Link

  • E. Larson and M. Chen, Analysis of Contact-Voltage Losses in Low-Voltage Electricity Distribution Systems of the U.K., Princeton Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment& UKPN, December, 2018. Link

Dissertation

  • M. Chen  —  Ph.D. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, June, 2015, Merged Multi-Stage Power Conversion: A Hybrid Switched-Capacitor Magnetics Approach. Link

  • M. Chen  —  S.M. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Feb, 2012, Stacked Switched Capacitor Energy Buffer Architecture. Link