FRE 101

Beginner's French I

Professor/Instructor

An audio-visual approach is used to develop the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing French in a cultural context. The main emphasis is on acquiring competence through aural/oral practice. Classroom activities include videos, comprehension and grammar exercises, conversation, and skits. Five classes; laboratory required. No credit is given for 101 unless followed by 102.

FRE 102

Beginner's French II

Professor/Instructor

A continuation of 101. The audio-visual approach promotes proficiency through listening and speaking French. Growing emphasis on reading and writing. Classroom activities include videos, discussions, small group work, and comprehension and grammar exercises. A midterm interview with instructor, and a final oral presentation. Five classes; laboratory required. Prerequisite: 101. Students who complete 102 normally place into 107.

FRE 1027

Intensive Intermediate and Advanced French

Professor/Instructor

An intensive double-credit course designed to help students develop an active command of the language. Focus will be on reading and listening comprehension, oral proficiency, grammatical accuracy, and the development of reading and writing skills. A solid grammatical basis and awareness of the idiomatic usage of the language will be emphasized. Students will be introduced to various Francophone cultures through readings, videos, and films. Prerequisite: 101 and permission of instructor. Five 90-minute classes.

FRE 103

Intensive Beginner's and Intermediate French

Professor/Instructor

An intensive course that covers 101 and 102 in one semester. Designed for students who have previously studied French but whose preparation is either too remote or insufficient for direct placement in intermediate French. An audio-visual approach is used to develop concurrently the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing French in a cultural context. Classroom activities include videos, discussions, small group work, comprehension and grammar exercises, and conversation. Five classes; laboratory required. Normally followed by 107.

FRE 105

Intermediate French

Professor/Instructor

Christine M. Sagnier

Designed for students who have a satisfactory foundation in French but are not yet qualified for 108. Grammar review, composition, reading of standard French texts, and practice in listening and speaking. Three classes, laboratory as deemed necessary. Prerequisites: two to five years of secondary school French and a satisfactory score on the placement test. Normally followed by 108.

FRE 107

Intermediate/Advanced French

Professor/Instructor

A continuation of 102. Develops an active command of spoken and written French through class discussion and compositions. Continued presentation and review of grammar. Acquisition of reading skills through short readings. Five classes. Normally open only to students who have successfully completed 102 or 103.

FRE 108

Advanced French

Professor/Instructor

An intensive course aimed at developing an active command of the language. Syllabus includes the reading of literary texts, and class exercises emphasize comprehension and oral proficiency. Three classes. Prerequisite: 105 or satisfactory score on placement test.

FRE 207

Studies in French Language and Style

Professor/Instructor

Intensive practical training in oral and written French through a study of French culture and society. Strong emphasis on discussion. Film series. Recommended as preparation for advanced courses in French literature and civilization. Three classes. Prerequisite: 107 or 108.

FRE 211 / THR 211

French Theater Workshop

Professor/Instructor

Florent Masse

An intensive practical training in French through an introduction to acting techniques and an exploration of the French dramatic canon. Emphasis is placed on improving students' oral skills through pronunciation and diction exercises and the performance of scenes from French playwrights. Course culminates in the performance of students' work. Prerequisite: FRE 107, 108, or the equivalent. FRE 207 recommended as a co-requisite. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 215

France Today: Culture, Politics, and Society

Professor/Instructor

Christine M. Sagnier

Intensive language practice and readings from French textbooks for students of economics and politics, focusing on the concepts and vocabulary of the modern international economy. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French, or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 221

The Rise of France: French Literature, Culture, and Society from the Beginnings to 1789

Professor/Instructor

Katie Chenoweth

A study of the evolution of French literature, culture, and society from the beginnings to the Revolution: the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, Neo-Classicism, and the Enlightenment. The distinguishing cultural and social ideals of these four periods will be defined and analyzed, and representative cultural productions (the cathedrals, the châteaux of the Loire, Versailles, etc.) will be discussed in context. A few major literary texts will constitute primary readings. Prerequisites: 107, 108, or equivalent. 207 recommended as a corequisite. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 222

The Making of Modern France: French Literature, Culture, and Society from 1789 to the Present

Professor/Instructor

Christy Nicole Wampole

A historical survey of the main features of French society, literature, and culture from the period of the French Revolution (1789-99) to the present. Weekly lectures cover political, intellectual, and cultural history, while precepts and readings focus on representative literary texts (drama, lyric poetry, and fiction) as well as examples of French art and film. Prerequisites: 107, 108, or equivalent. 207 recommended as a corequisite. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 224

French Literature: Approaches to the Language of Literary Texts

Professor/Instructor

Volker Schröder, Katie Chenoweth

The application of various critical methods to the interpretation of texts (short fiction, drama, and poetry) from all periods. Topics will include themes, narrative and rhetorical strategies, authorial voice, implicit reader, and genre theory. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: 107, 108 or equivalent. 207 recommended as a corequisite.

FRE 307

Advanced French Language and Style

Professor/Instructor

Intensive practice of written and spoken French through close analysis of grammatical and syntactic structures, literary translation, and the stylistic study of representative literary works from the Middle Ages to the present. Prerequisite: a 200-level French course or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 313

Contemporary French Civilization

Professor/Instructor

The evolution of 20th-century French institutions and their relationship to intellectual and social movements since World War I. New directions taken by French thought will be stressed through the study of individuals, selected from representative fields, whose influence led to the restructuring of contemporary French civilization. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission.

FRE 317

Visions of Paris

Professor/Instructor

André Benhaïm

A study of Paris as urban space, object of representation, and part of French cultural identity. Topics include Paris in the Ancien Régime; Revolutionary and Napoleonic Paris; the transformation of Paris in the 19th century; Paris as a site of European art and literature; modern and multicultural Paris in the 1900s; and challenges in the new millennium. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. One 90-minute lecture, one 90-minute preceptorial.

FRE 321 / GSS 330

The Invention of Literature and Culture in France

Professor/Instructor

The birth of literature in the Middle Ages in France is accompanied by remarkable inventiveness. From the glamour of troubadour love songs to the somber passion of heroic poetry, from the refinements of chivalric romance to the bawdy of (fabliaux), from intricate lyric forms to complex prose romances, medieval writers not only practiced but constantly re-created the emergent concept of "literature," elaborating, as they did so, such legendary tales as those of Roland, Tristan, Lancelot, and the grail. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. One 90-minute lecture, one 90-minute preceptorial.

FRE 327 / COM 357

Tales of Hospitality: France, North Africa, and the Mediterranean

Professor/Instructor

André Benhaïm

An exploration of the concept of hospitality, individual and collective, in French, Mediterranean, and Maghrebi (i.e., North African: Arab, Berber, and Jewish) cultures. Draws on materials from literature and the arts, politics and law, philosophy and religion. Issues studied include immigration, citizenship, alienation, and, more generally, the meaning of welcoming a stranger. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. One 90-minute lecture, one 90-minute preceptorial.

FRE 330 / AFS 330

Landmarks of French Culture

Professor/Instructor

An interdisciplinary study of places, periods, persons, or questions that helped define French cultural identity, from its origins to the present. Areas of study could include courtly love; gothic art; the Enyclopedia; the Belle Epoque; the Figure of the Intellectual from Zola to Simone de Beauvoir; the sociocultural revolution of May 1968; colonization, its discontents, and its aftermaths; France in the age of globalization; Franco-American relations; etc. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 331

French Renaissance Literature and Culture

Professor/Instructor

Readings from the works of Rabelais, the Pléiade poets, Marguerite de Navarre, Montaigne, and d'Aubigné in the light of contemporary artistic, political, and cultural preoccupations. Themes will include the rhetoric of love, education, humanism, recurrent mythologies, and utopias. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission.

FRE 332

Topics in the French Middle Ages and Renaissance

Professor/Instructor

The continuities of French culture and its preeminence over much of Europe from its 11th-century beginnings through the 16th century. Emphasis on medieval and Renaissance literary works (in modernized versions) in their relationship to topics such as "love'' (fin'amor), saintliness, national identity, humanism, and so on. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. One 90-minute lecture, one 90-minute preceptorial.

FRE 341

The Classical Age

Professor/Instructor

Volker Schröder

An introduction to the literature and culture of the 17th century, known in France as le grand siècle. Readings range from the dramatic masterpieces of Corneille, Molière, and Racine to La Fontaine's Fables and Perrault's Contes, to be studied in relationship to their historical context. Formal and thematic analysis with an emphasis on moral, social, and political tensions and conflicts. Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level French course or instructor's permission.

FRE 351

The Age of Enlightenment

Professor/Instructor

Examines the challenge to the political and cultural authority of the ancien régime from new ideas, values, and rhetorics. The emphasis may fall on the work of an individual writer or group of writers, a genre or subgenre (the epistolary novel, the popular scientific essay), or the role of literary institutions (journalism, salons, censorship). Two 90-minute classes. Prerequisite: a 200-level French course or instructor's permission.

FRE 352 / GSS 352

Topics in 17th- and 18th-Century French Literature

Professor/Instructor

Topics will range from single authors and major texts (for example, the Encyclopedie) to literary genres and questions of culture (preciosite, comedy and/or tragedy, historiography, epistolary writing, etc.). Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes.

FRE 353

The Old Regime: Society and Culture in France, 1624-1789

Professor/Instructor

Volker Schröder

The age of French political and cultural hegemony is characterized by the construction of the modern state, the imposition of strict social discipline, and the rationalization of large areas of human behavior. These processes will be studied in political and philosophical writings, plays, novels, poems, and memoirs. Prerequisite: a 200-level course in French or instructor's permission. Two 90-minute classes.