Indigeneity, Development, and the State in 20th-Century Mexico and Peru
This event will explore changing conceptions of indigeneity and development in mid-20th-century Mexico and Peru. How did divergent framings of the “indigenous question” shape government policies and the production of knowledge? What relation did state developmental agendas bear to processes unfolding within indigenous communities themselves?
Paula López Caballero (CEIICH-UNAM) offers new insights into the socio-history of anthropology and indigenismo in Mexico. By comparing three sets of field notes and fieldwork diaries written between 1938 and 1948, she documents the mutual transformation of the practices of fieldwork and definitions of the indigenous subject.
Cayetana Adrianzén Ponce (NYU) explores how the Andean community became—and arguably remains—the main political form of indigenous organization and at the same time the unit through which the Peruvian state approached, controlled, and reformed the country’s highland population during the twentieth century.
There will then be responses from two discussants: Karin Rosemblatt, Professor and Director of the Center for Historical Studies at the University of Maryland and author of The Science and Politics of Race in Mexico and the United States, 1910–1950 (2019); and Vera Candiani, Associate Professor of History at Princeton.
Moderated by Tony Wood, PLAS Postdoctoral Fellow
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This event, which is free and open to the public, is hosted by the Program in Latin American Studies (PLAS) and is co-sponsored by The Native American and Indigenous Studies Initiative at Princeton (NAISIP).