University releases Title IX reports and announces next steps to strengthen process
Princeton University released two new reports today and announced next steps to further strengthen its policies, resources and communications related to sexual misconduct on campus.
In an open letter to the campus community, Provost Deborah Prentice underscored the University’s commitment to supporting all members of the Princeton community: “Our shared goal is to ensure that Princeton remains a safe and welcoming place where all of our community members can thrive. Meeting that commitment requires us to make improvements when and where we can, and to learn from our past practices and the best practices of others.”
Prentice cited the external review committee report in noting that “important and challenging conversations about these issues are taking place at institutions of higher education across the country.” She said the University community “will have many opportunities to discuss these reports as a campus community, beginning with an initial discussion at the CPUC meeting in November.”
Last spring, members of the Faculty-Student Committee on Sexual Misconduct and the University Student Life Committee formed a Joint Committee to review the University’s Title IX process, support staff, and education and training. Separately, an independent external review of the Title IX program was commissioned by Prentice at the request of the Office of the Vice Provost for Institutional Equity and Diversity.
The Joint Committee and external reviewers worked independently, though their assessments reached similar conclusions about the robustness of Princeton’s Title IX program and how the University could augment its resources. The external review was conducted by three professionals from Emory University, Duke University and Virginia Commonwealth University with extensive relevant experience.
“Overall, the team discovered that the University has a strong Title IX infrastructure,” the external report found, while noting that “despite the objective strengths of Princeton’s Title IX infrastructure, some students feel that their needs are not being met.”
The Joint Committee’s report and the external review report can be found here: https://sexualmisconduct.princeton.edu/reports
Prentice said the reports “converge on four key areas in which the University could and should do more.” These are the areas that she has asked the University’s administration to focus on addressing, in particular:
- Enhancing resources for students involved in sexual misconduct cases through the Sexual Harassment/Assault Advising, Resources and Education (SHARE) program, Counseling and Psychological Services, and other providers. To achieve the reforms recommended in the reports, a goal is also to add new programs, resources and improved communications. Prentice is asking Vice President for Campus Life W. Rochelle Calhoun to present a plan by the end of 2019, with the goal of implementation by the end of the academic year.
- Implementing the recommended changes to processes of investigation, adjudication and appeal of Title IX cases. Prentice is asking Vice President and General Counsel Ramona Romero to advise on these recommendations by the end of 2019, including ensuring that the University remains in compliance with federal regulations for how Title IX cases are handled.
- Enhancing training programs, communications and engagement efforts, with the goal of creating a more positive campus climate and culture around issues of sexual misconduct. To regularize this work, Prentice is asking the Council of the Princeton University Community (CPUC) to create a new committee on sexual misconduct that will replace the Faculty-Student Committee on Sexual Misconduct. Once established, the CPUC committee will develop a plan for implementing the reports' recommendations on training, communication and engagement. The creation of the new CPUC committee on sexual misconduct will be on the agenda at the CPUC meeting in November.
- Exploring alternative procedures and practices for resolving complaints about sexual misconduct and restoring the complainant, the respondent and the community outside of the regular Title IX procedures. A working group is already exploring these possibilities, and Prentice asks that the group accelerate its work and produce a report with a set of recommendations by the end of 2019.
In the immediate term, the Title IX Office has launched a new website detailing each step of the sexual misconduct investigation process, making it more transparent, and helping students better access University resources.
Background on external review and joint committee
The two Title IX reports released on Oct. 24 are the result of discussions that began with students last May, after a group of students expressed concerns about the University’s sexual misconduct process during a peaceful protest outside of Nassau Hall.
The external review was conducted by: Amy Adelman, Deputy General Counsel, Office of the General Counsel, Emory University; Howard Kallem (Ret.), formerly the Director for Title IX Compliance, Office for Institutional Equity, Duke University, who also has nearly two decades of prior experience in the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights; and Laura Rugless, Executive Director and Title IX Coordinator, Equity and Access Services, Virginia Commonwealth University.
To complete their report, the external reviewers reviewed all relevant University policies and procedures, and met with 25 University administrators, faculty, staff and students.
The joint committee was co-chaired by W. Rochelle Calhoun, Vice President for Campus Life; undergraduate Nicolas Gregory; graduate student Mai Nguyen; graduate student Abigail Novick; and J. Nicole Shelton, Stuart Professor of Psychology and Head of Butler College.
As part of their work, the committee members consulted with a variety of students and administrators over 20 meetings since May. Among those involved in the meetings have been concerned students, administrators trained to serve as Title IX advisers, administrators involved in implementation of the sexual misconduct disciplinary process, and staff members from Counseling and Psychological Services and SHARE. In addition, an outside consultant facilitated several focus groups, including with RCAs, SHARE Peer officers, student leaders from the Centers (Fields Center, LGBT Center, and Women’s Center), Graduate Women in STEM, and student protest delegates.
Timeline of University activity
Oct. 24, 2019: The University releases two reports and Provost Deborah Prentice discusses next steps to strengthen its Title IX processes with the University community in an open letter.
Sept. 19: University issues update on work by Joint Committee and external reviewers.
Aug. 28: Office of Gender Equity and Title IX Administration launches web portal designed to help students access information about support resources and the sexual misconduct investigation/adjudication and appeal process.
Summer 2019: Members of the Faculty and Student Committee on Sexual Misconduct and the University Student Life Committee met 20 times throughout the summer and early fall to consider student concerns related to the handling of sexual misconduct cases.
May 15: The Faculty-Student Committee on Sexual Misconduct and the University Student Life Committee issued a statement outlining their next steps following their joint committee meeting with students concerned about the handling of sexual misconduct issues on campus.
May 15: President Eisgruber met with a group of student representatives to hear their concerns regarding the handling of sexual misconduct issues on campus. Following the meeting, President Eisgruber outlined his perspective on how the community can address the relevant issues in a thoughtful, equitable and inclusive way.
May 13: Senior university officials send a letter to all Princeton undergraduate and graduate students underscoring the University’s commitment to addressing issues raised in recent demonstrations on campus, in particular around sexual misconduct.
May 13: Representatives from the Faculty-Student Committee on Sexual Misconduct and the University Student Life Committee first meet to begin discussing recent concerns raised by student activists over Title IX and related issues.
May 10: Title IX Coordinator Michele Minter and Director of Gender Equity and Title IX Administration Regan Crotty request an external review of the Title IX program. President Eisgruber approves.
May 8: University issues statement reiterating its commitment to ensuring that all of its community members can learn, work and thrive in a safe, supportive and fair environment, free from sexual misconduct and all forms of discrimination to the community.
May 7: A group of students began a peaceful protest outside Nassau Hall around the Title IX process on campus.