Architecture of new Lewis Arts complex embraces 'campus-making but also community-making'
The Princeton community has only been able to glimpse the construction of the new Lewis Arts complex through mesh-covered fences over the course of the past three years. Slowly but surely, its three distinct buildings have risen higher and higher, finally reaching over the fences. Now, the fences are gone and everyone can walk straight through the main pathway from the new train station, along the plaza that connects the buildings, to the heart of campus.
The Lewis Arts complex was designed as a "project inside a larger project, which in its original days was the arts and transit neighborhood," said Ron McCoy, University architect and a 1980 graduate alumnus.
"It is part of campus-making but also community-making, because we have now created a new transit plaza with the station and the Wawa [convenience store] and transformed the former buildings of the train station into the Dinky Bar and Kitchen, and Cargot restaurant," he said.
McCoy added: "And all of this was chosen partly because of its synergy with the McCarter and Berlind theaters. The complex is inside a larger neighborhood that is really part of the arts in Princeton. So people can come off the train, park in the parking garage and get access to the restaurants and performances here. This is a project that tries to weave together ... facilities for the students, for the community and for the larger University."
On a Sept. 25 media tour, Noah Yaffe, a partner at Steven Holl Associates, the architecture firm that designed the complex, described how the buildings work both independently and synergistically, connected by a large underground Forum that promotes collaboration and community.
"It's a rare opportunity to have a project to work on that is both transformative on a campus level and also transformative for the departments and programs housed within," Yaffe said.
He said the architects worked carefully to create easy ways for students to move in, through and around the buildings. "Along these campus networks and paths, students would have a glimpse of the arts in action, and that that chance encounter would pique their curiosity and possibly be a life-transformative experience."
The artistry of the architecture is apparent in the details.
For example, encased in soaring cherrywood walls, the Lee Music Performance and Rehearsal Room resembles the belly of a giant violin. The pattern in the perforated white metal sides of a "dancing staircase" in the Wallace Dance Building and Theater is inspired by labanotation, a system used by choreographers to record human movement. The back wall of the Wallace Theater, a state-of-the-art black box, can open up to expand the performance area, revealing the curve of the cylindrical tower it sits within — a nod to ancient Greek amphitheaters.
Each of the 20 practice rooms in the New Music Building has a skylight or window to create a hospitable space for students practicing for hours at a stretch. Holl personally designed the rugs outside the practice rooms based on a piece by 20th-century American composer Morton Feldman. The lighting fixtures on the walls — five short horizontal bars — are inspired by the lines on a musical staff.
In the video below, McCoy and Holl discuss some of the ways in which the complex reflects the larger architectural elements of the campus.
A Festival of the Arts will celebrate the opening of the Lewis Arts complex Oct. 5-8, featuring over 100 events at venues across the campus, most of which will be free. On the Festival of the Arts website, visitors can view all the events.
Below are architectural highlights of the complex:
Academic elements: The Lewis Arts complex includes a new home for the Lewis Center for the Arts' programs in dance, music theater and theater, and the Princeton Atelier. The new building for music expands facilities for the Department of Music. The complex also includes a gallery for the Program in Visual Arts. These new facilities supplement other arts spaces on campus and help the University realize its vision of a vibrant campus suffused with the arts.
Name: Lewis Arts complex. It is named in honor of Peter B. Lewis (1933-2013), a member of Princeton's Class of 1955 and a former University trustee.
Architect selection: Steven Holl Architects and BNIM Architects, January 2008
Construction commencement: February 2014
Construction completion: September 2017
Project size: 145,000 square feet
Location: The Lewis Arts complex, on the south edge of campus, anchors a 22-acre development that includes two restaurants, a Wawa convenience store and the new Princeton train station. The complex is surrounded by a park-like setting with extensive landscaped plazas, pathways and green spaces. It is adjacent to the McCarter Theatre Center.
- Wallace Dance Building and Theater. Developed according to the idea of a "thing within a thing." The interior of the Wallace Theater (black box) is finished in perforated black steel, while the Hearst Dance Theater is finished in foamed aluminum; the Roberts Dance Studio, in whitewashed wood; and the Murphy Dance Studio, in board form concrete. A "dancing stair" connects all levels.
- New Music Building. Developed according to an idea of "suspension." Above the large orchestral rehearsal room, individual practice rooms are suspended on steel rods. Acoustically separate, these wooden chambers have a resonant quality.
- Arts Tower. The six-story stone tower references the proportions of the University's nearby historic Blair Arch.
The buildings are connected underground by the 8,000 square-foot open Forum below the outdoor plaza. The Forum serves as an indoor gathering space and lobby for the various arts venues in the complex. The outdoor plaza, which features a reflecting pool with skylights that filter natural light into the Forum below, is a gateway space to connect the local community to the University and to invite curiosity and interaction.
Building materials: The steel and cast-in-place concrete structure of the three buildings is faced in thick, 21-million-year-old limestone from a quarry in Lecce, in southern Italy, that has been continuously mined for 2,000 years. If you look at the stone closely, you can see small fossils.
Curtain wall glazing: Insulated glass units with Okalux Kapipane infill — a type of insulated glass unit that appears translucent on the building and helps achieve an energy-efficient, high-performance envelope while still letting natural light into the building — supported on a steel mullion system, with acid etch finish depending on location; insulated glass supported on steel cable system (New Music Building only); operable windows
Interior materials: American cherry, foamed aluminum, perforated steel, acid-etched glass, bamboo, whitewashed ash wood, painted wood, walnut, bead blast stainless steel
Main performance/exhibit spaces: Wallace Theater (black box), Hearst Dance Theater, Lee Music Performance and Rehearsal Room, Roberts Dance Studio, Donald G. Drapkin Studio, Hurley Gallery, Roth Box Office
- Music. PLOrk Studio, Lee Jazz Studio, percussion studio, piano studios, Rafner Teaching Studio, Spies Family Teaching Studio, Lucas Teaching Studio, Lee Digital Recording Studio, 17 practice rooms
- Theater. Tilghman Theater Studio, Godfrey Kerr Theater Studio, theater studio
- Dance. Murphy Dance Studio, dance studio
- Shared. CoLab, Vasen Design Studio, costume shop, scene and prop shop, seminar room
Project team: Steven Holl Architects, BNIM Architects (associate architects, architect of record), Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates (landscape architects), Ove Arup & Partners (structural, mechanical/electrical/plumbing, lighting, acoustic and technology engineers), Front Inc. (façade consultant), Auerbach-Pollock-Friedlander (theatrical systems consultant), Vanasse Hangen Brustin, Inc. (civil engineer), R.W. Sullivan Engineering (codes), IBA Consulting and Engineering (waterproofing consultant)
Construction manager: Turner Construction Company
Sustainability elements: Geothermal heating and cooling; green roofs to decrease rate and run-off of stormwater and improve water quality; material and landscape designed to reduce heat island effect for roof and non-roof; high-performance exterior envelope (glazing and thermal mass); closed loop ground source heat pumps (139 wells, 500' deep); natural ventilation and light; interior shading; sensor-based equipment; stormwater management, water reduction through high-efficiency fixtures; LED building and theatrical lighting; LEED enhanced commissioning; construction waste reduction
Trees: Some 490 new trees planted on the arts and transit project, 21 of which are on the Lewis Arts complex site, including several American Beech trees and a variety of oak species. Seventeen existing trees were protected to remain, including a Civil War-era Ohio Buckeye.
Other landscaping highlights: The Arts Plaza, formed between the three main buildings, is a 5,250-square-foot planted pavement green roof over the Forum space. At its center is a 4,500-square-foot reflecting pool with 12 skylights that bring natural light down to the space below. Stone benches are integrated in the stone facades and reflecting pool edge for seating, and bluestone pavers are placed in different densities including open planted joints. The landscape was developed with Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates. A new work by the internationally acclaimed artist Maya Lin has been commissioned for the grounds. Additional details about the commission will be announced later in the fall.