Famed architect and Princeton alumnus Robert Venturi dies at 93
Robert Venturi, a Princeton University alumnus who in partnership with his wife, Denise Scott Brown, was one of the most influential architects of the 20th century, died Sept. 18 at his home in Philadelphia. He was 93.
Venturi, Scott Brown and their firm, Venturi Scott Brown Architects (VBSA), created a legacy of significant buildings around the world, including — on the Princeton campus — Wu Hall (1983), Lewis Thomas Laboratory (1986), Fisher Hall & Bendheim Hall (1990) and Schultz Lab (1993).
These buildings at Princeton and others at Harvard and Yale universities helped bridge the gap between historic classical and gothic architecture commonplace on campuses, and 20th-century modernist and brutalist structures.
“We are greatly saddened by the news of Robert Venturi’s passing,” School of Architecture Dean Mónica Ponce de León said. “He was an extraordinary theorist, teacher and practitioner whose impact on the field of architecture cannot be overstated. An imaginative innovator and creative thinker, he influenced the careers of countless architects and made a true mark on the built environment. Along with his partner, Denise Scott Brown, they brought architecture into a new era, one with historical context, humor and humanity.”
As a Princeton student in the 1940's, when architecture schools were turning to modernism, Venturi immersed himself in architectural history thanks to Princeton’s program, which was tied closely to the Department of Art and Archaeology. Venturi was also enamored by the University’s rich collection of historical buildings across campus.
He earned a bachelor’s degree in 1947 and a master’s in fine arts from Princeton in 1950. The University also bestowed on him an honorary degree in fine arts in 1983.
After receiving his undergraduate and graduate degrees, Venturi worked for architects Eero Saarinen and Louis Kahn. He then won the Rome Prize and spent two years in Europe (1954-1956), where he closely studied buildings across Italy and Spain by Michelangelo, Bernini and Gaudi.
He began teaching architectural theory when he returned to the United States, and throughout his career would come to lecture at the country’s most pre-eminent institutions, including the Princeton School of Architecture.
Venturi was a pioneer in architectural theory, publishing the groundbreaking Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture in 1966. Along with his 1972 book Learning From Las Vegas, which he co-authored with Scott Brown and Steven Izenour, Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture helped catalyze the postmodern movement in architecture.
In 1991, Venturi was awarded the Pritzker Prize, architecture’s highest honor, which he urged to include recognition of his equal partner, Denise Scott Brown. Venturi was also named an honorary fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, a fellow of the American Institute of Architects, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2016, Venturi and Scott Brown were honored with the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal.
In a letter recommending Venturi and Scott Brown for the AIA Gold Medal, Princeton President Christopher L. Eisgruber praised their “partnership of equals” and said they “inspired generations of architects to collaborate across boundaries of gender.”
“Ultimately, the contributions of Venturi and Scott Brown are found in their architecture,” Eisgruber wrote. “At Princeton, they have created spaces for every aspect of university life. We cherish the enduring warmth, wit, and courage of these buildings. Each one made the campus a better place — a better ‘whole.’ They showed us how to celebrate the promise of new ideas and the memory of our past.”